Oxalis is a herbaceous plant from the acid family. The scientific name is oxalis, but it is also known by the names false clover, hare cabbage, and oxalis. Indeed, the leaves are similar in structure to clover and have a sour taste. The homeland of the sorrel is Mexico, South America and southern Africa. The plant is highly decorative, so it fell in love with gardeners. It is planted in gardens as a curb or used as a houseplant. Oxalis has medicinal properties, it is a good choleretic and diuretic, and also helps with colds.
Oxalis : how to care for indoor
Oxalis loves bright sunlight and will be able to grow and develop well on window sills of any direction, except for the northern one, where it will not bloom without additional lighting. But from the midday sun, the flower should be shaded with light curtains or blinds. If Oxalis is under bright sunlight, she will first fold her leaves, and then wilt. The sun will burn her delicate leaves.
In winter, the sun’s rays are not aggressive, and the plant should not be hidden from the sun at this time. If Oxalis does not have enough natural light, it will stop blooming, its leaves will become pale and lethargic. For this case, purchase fluorescent lamps or special phytolamps and highlight the plant if necessary.
Room temperature is great for a flower. In the warm season, it is 20-27 grams. heat, and during hibernation – from 14 to 18 degrees, not less. At a lower temperature, the flower may stop growing and develop and stop blooming.
Oxalis needs normal air humidity, closer to high. To do this, spray its leaves and the surrounding air once a day on hot spring and summer days. If the indoor air is too dry in winter, resume spraying. Oxalis leaves love water droplets to collect on them, but try to prevent the sun’s rays from falling on the wet plant at this time.
Oxalis loves constant moderate watering, but no frills. The soil should not dry out, but the flower does not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the roots. Remove excess moisture from the pallet in a timely manner. Use water that is soft, kept for a day, at room temperature. If you don’t have one at hand, pour it with boiled water at room temperature. Keep in mind that in spring and summer, the flower drinks more water, and the evaporation of moisture from the heat is also great. Water two to three times a week as soon as the topsoil in the pot is dry. And in winter, during dormancy, water should be rarely watered, but do not completely dry out the earthen lump – in the depths of the pot, the soil should always be slightly moist.
Fertilizers should be applied during vegetation and flowering. Suitable for universal, for decorative deciduous indoor plants. The dose should be halved so as not to burn the delicate roots. Pay attention to the composition of the fertilizer. If the nitrogen component predominates in it, the bush will be lush and dense, but flowering will be scarce. If there is more phosphorus and potassium in the top dressing, Oxyd will bloom brighter and longer. Choose what you want to get in the end. In any case, two feedings per month are enough. In winter and autumn, the plant is not fed.
A young Oxalis bush should be transplanted annually, an adult plant, four or more years – once every 2-3 years, otherwise the flower will lose its attractiveness. It is better to do this in early spring, when all the plants are awake and ready for active growth. At other times, a good reason is needed to transplant the plant
Oxalis can bloom in any month, regardless of the season, if it is provided with sufficient lighting. After the end of the dormant period, about a month later, it is advisable to transplant the rested flower into fresh soil. Start watering it abundantly, place it on a well-lit windowsill. We are sure that in a month or a little more Oxalis will certainly delight you with abundant flowering. Note that each flower does not live long and withers quickly. Often on the twigs, next to the blossoming flowers, the dead flowers and leaves that have become obsolete hang untidy. We recommend that you remove them in a timely manner so as not to spoil the attractive appearance of the bush.
Diseases and pests:
Like all indoor plants, Oxalis is at times attacked by harmful insects. This can be aphid, whitefly, spider mite, mealybug, or scale insect. You need to regularly inspect the plant so as not to miss the appearance of parasites. If, nevertheless, insects appear, you should immediately begin to fight them. First, take the flower pot to the bathroom and shower the insects off with lukewarm water or soapy water. Cover the soil so that water does not enter the pot. Remove the shield, adults, with a toothbrush or a napkin soaked in soap or alcohol solution. After all these procedures, we advise you to treat the plant with an appropriate insecticide (Aktara, Aktellik or Fitoverm).
The root system of Oxalis is superficial. Accordingly, choose a pot that is not very deep, but wide, so that it is easier for the roots to grow on the sides. It is also not advisable to use a completely flat container – then the leaves of Oxalis will lie on the windowsill, and this is unacceptable. It is better if it is a ceramic pot, as this material is good for moisture and air permeability. If it is not possible to purchase a ceramic pot, buy a plastic one, but then more often loosen the ground under the flower, since plastic does not allow air to reach the roots. Each new container during transplantation should be 3-4 cm larger than the previous one. There should be drainage holes on the bottom of the pot. A layer of drainage material is also required – from expanded clay, pebbles or pebbles.
For Oxalis, a ready-made universal soil for ornamental indoor plants with neutral (pH 6.0-7.0) or weak (pH 5.0-6.0) acidity is suitable. If you prepare the soil yourself, stick to this composition: leafy earth, sod land, peat, humus and sand in equal proportions. You should get a loose nutrient mixture with a neutral medium. You will have to heat it or freeze it for disinfection purposes. For greater prevention of pests and diseases, spill the soil with a potassium permanganate solution and add pieces of charcoal to the drainage.
How to Propagate Oxalis at home
We will acquaint you with the main methods of reproduction of Oxalis in turn.
By Dividing the roots:
When transplanting Oxalis with a sharp, clean instrument (knife or pruning shears), divide the root system of the flower into several parts. Treat the cut sites with crushed charcoal, wood or activated. Plant each part in a separate pot with drainage and nutrient medium. Take care further according to all the rules.
Oxalis can also be propagated by cuttings. To do this, carefully separate the stalk from the bush and place it in slightly damp river sand. Maintain the temperature around 23-25 gr., Water in moderation, spray regularly. The roots should appear within a month.
By Growing from Seeds:
If desired, Oxalis can be grown from seeds. Since the seeds of this flower are small, sow them on the surface of the soil, without falling asleep. Moisten with a shallow sprayer with soft, settled water at room temperature. Cover the planting container with plastic or glass. If using a food container, close the lid. It is advisable to keep the temperature around 18-21 grams. Ventilate the greenhouse regularly and, if necessary, moisten the soil. Seedlings should appear after 10-14 days.