Orchid Vanda Care and Grow

The extraordinary beauty Vanda orchid is a wonderful choice. Vanda is deservedly considered one of the most luxurious orchid species. It differs not only in the exquisite beauty of its flowers, but also in its powerful root system, which practically does not need any soil, since it can receive moisture and nutrients even from the air. In home content, this beauty is quite capricious, she requires a lot of attention and love. In this article, we will tell you in detail about her character, preferences, and teach how to take care of Vanda at home in order to minimize possible problems.

Vanda : how to care for indoor

For a long time, flower growers believed that Vanda was completely unsuitable for home growing. Her character is capricious! But, modern short-stemmed hybrids with bright cascades of exotic flowers are well adapted to life in “captivity”. We will tell you in detail what requirements Vanda makes for her comfortable content, because only by providing her with proper care, you can count on a spectacular flowering and a healthy look of the plant.

Lighting:

Vanda loves bright lighting, but not direct, but slightly diffused, up to 12 hours a day. If there is not enough light, the orchid will not bloom. Therefore, for her place of residence, choose the southern directions of the windows. In winter and on cloudy days, we recommend supplementing Vanda with phytolamp or artificial lighting. 

Watch the leaves of the flower carefully – if they are green, shiny, elastic, then everything is in order with the lighting. If the leaves become darker and stretch out, there is not enough light. On the contrary, the fading of the foliage, the appearance of spots of a yellowish-brown color on it, indicates an excess of sunlight, even about burns.

Temperature:

It is a pleasant necessity to maintain a special temperature regime for the beautiful Vanda, who grew up in the tropics. Especially from the moment the buds are set. During the day, she needs a high temperature, up to 25-30 grams. heat, and at night – by about 10 grams. below. At the same time, the temperature is below 16 gr. heat should not go down even during the rest period. Vanda will drop its buds or not bloom at all if you do not provide her with a difference between day and night temperatures.

Humidity:

It is vital for Vanda to maintain a comfortable air humidity between 60-80%. Moreover, the humidity indicator at night should be slightly higher than during the day. Maintain it by spraying the room, installing a container of water next to the flower, or using a household humidifier.

It is vital for Vanda to maintain a comfortable air humidity between 60-80%. Moreover, the humidity indicator at night should be slightly higher than during the day. Maintain it by spraying the room, installing a container of water next to the flower, or using a household humidifier.

Watering:

If Vanda is grown in a glass vase, watering is done as follows. The vase is filled with soft (warm, filtered, boiled or settled during the day) water to the brim. Pour water carefully, along the walls of the vase, so that the jet does not damage the roots of the plant. After 10 minutes, the water is drained. The procedure is repeated once more. At the same time, you should not wet the ground part of the flower. If water gets into the leaf axils, it should be carefully removed with a cotton swab or paper towel. Watering is carried out as needed: once every 3-4 days – in the summer and once a week when the room is cool.

If your beauty lives in a hanging basket, she should be bathed occasionally under a warm shower. The procedure is carried out in the bathroom. Warm, almost hot water is poured over the roots until they acquire a pronounced green color. Before returning the flower to its place, give it time to dry (20-30 minutes), then inspect the flower, if necessary, blot the remaining moisture from the surface of the leaf plates. 

If Vanda is hanging on a support, its bare roots should be sprayed with warm water once a day. 

If Vanda lives in a pot of potting medium, water it as needed. In hot weather – every day, in autumn and winter – every two to three days. Watering is carried out using a special watering can with a long spout along the sides of the pot. Be sure to use a deep tray. After watering, immediately drain the water from the pan and water the substrate again – let it be well saturated with moisture. Then empty the pallet again. Carry out the next watering only after the substrate is completely dry from the previous watering. The roots need to dry well between waterings, especially in the growth stage of the flower arrow.

If the plant is healthy, instead of watering it can be immersed in a bowl of warm water to the edge of the pot for 30 seconds. Do not lower the pot “headlong” – otherwise, the entire substrate will float down the drain. Then remove the pot from the basin and wait until all the water has drained.

Fertilizer:

Vanda is good at feeding. They are especially necessary during the period of its active growth, the formation of new processes at the tips of the roots. We recommend adding fertilizers to water for irrigation, spraying and immersion.

 For a young orchid, feeding should be done once every 2 weeks, and for an adult – once a month is enough. Use special fertilizer for orchids for feeding. In them, the concentration is selected as needed, use the dose according to the attached instructions. If you bought a universal fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, we recommend reducing the dosage by 2-3 times, so as not to burn the delicate roots of Vanda. Spray with the same solution as watering. 

As a useful supplement, we recommend using a solution of succinic acid , the tablets of which are sold in pharmacies for a penny. Dissolve one tablet in half a liter of warm water. This solution works wonders. If you even occasionally water the orchid with it and wipe its leaves, flowering will come earlier and Vanda will bloom longer. The action of succinic acid on orchids is described in detail in our article.

Transfer:

If you are growing your Vanda in a substrate, she sometimes needs a transplant. Only young Vanda specimens that live in baskets or pots need to be transplanted. Adult specimens are transplanted less frequently, as needed. Reasons why an immediate Vanda transplant is required: 

  1. The root system has outgrown its assigned place. A larger container is required (basket, vase or pot). 
  2. The substrate fell into disrepair – it got dirty, sour, turned into crumbs. In this case, it should be thrown away, the pot washed, disinfected and filled with a new substrate suitable for orchids. Any other, even universal, soil will not work, since it will be too heavy for Vanda, it will prevent air from reaching the roots, it will harden, dry, poorly conduct water, become saline, and become infected with fungal infections. The root system of a flower will not stand this and will rot.

 Begin the transplant by examining the root system. If you notice rotten or shriveled roots, remove them. Next, gently spread Vanda’s roots and cover them with substrate. Cover the top with moss.

Blooming: 

As a rule, Vanda blooms in spring or summer when it receives a lot of sunlight. And not only. Everything is important here: a high level of humidity, suitable temperature and light indicators, suitable fertilizers, spraying, watering, and more. Then flowering can last from one to three months. The slightest deviation from the necessary indicators, and the flower loses its healthy appearance and refuses to bloom. However, experienced and skillful flower growers want Vanda to bloom again or even year-round.

Diseases and pests:

On Vanda, it is quite rare to find pests sucking it, but you need to get to know them. It can be spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, thrips, or scale insects. In the fight against them, at the initial stage, bathing under a warm shower in the bathroom will help. Some, for example, the scabbard, can be successfully removed from the leaves with a napkin moistened with alcohol. But, if the lesion is strong, you will have to deal with it with chemicals (fungicides). We advise you to take a photo of your insects with your phone and go to the store. There, the seller will select a suitable tool for you from a photo and tell you how to use it.

Soil & Pot: 

Vanda has a well-developed root system. In the natural environment, she feels great, just catching her roots on the bark or branch of a tree – this way she fully receives air, light and moisture. But, its roots are so sensitive to excess moisture that they can easily rot in any soil. Given this fact, at home, the soil for Vanda is not used at all. It is usually grown in a wicker basket or simply suspended from supports, clinging to the stem.

Some growers still place a flower in a pot specially designed for such a plant with many holes, not only in the bottom of the pot, but also on its sides. The substrate in it rather serves not to feed the orchid, but to fix it in the pot and consists of pieces of pine bark and charcoal in equal proportions with the addition of perlite or a small amount of sphagnum moss to maintain moisture.

Vanda may well live in a glass vase shaped like a cylinder or a tall wine glass. All its roots should be inside this vase, and the ground part will remain outside so that the flower receives a sufficient amount of sunlight. Soil with this content is not required, only watering.

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