Fuchsia is a houseplant sometimes called the “Flower of the Elves”. For nearly 300 years, these indoor flowers have adorned the home and office space of flower growers around the world. In this article, you will read about growing and caring for fuchsia at home. The variety of color shades is simply mesmerizing. In everyday life, fuchsia is not capricious, even a novice florist can grow it at home.
Fuchsia : how to care for indoor
It is better to place vases with fuchsia on the windowsills of the east and north sides of the room. Even here, the flower must be protected, if necessary, from direct sunlight with blinds or curtains. On the north-facing windows in the spring, perhaps the fuchsia will lack lighting. We’ll have to provide the bushes with illumination using a phyto lamp or fluorescent lamp for up to 12 hours a day. On the south windows, especially in summer, fuchsias will be too hot.
It is better at this time to take out a flowerpot with a flower in the garden under the trees or on the balcony, where the sun’s rays will illuminate the fuchsia only early in the morning. At noon and until evening, fuchsia feels better in partial shade. During flowering, it is advisable not to rearrange the flower from place to place and not turn it towards the light in different directions. Fuchsia does not like this, and can simply drop all the buds.
A comfortable temperature for growing fuchsia at home is 18 – 22 ° C in summer and no higher than 18 ° C in winter. If the temperature is above or below these limits for a long time, the decorative effect of fuchsia may suffer. The buds will begin to fall off, the leaves will become smaller and lighter. The plant will slow down its development.
There will be a risk of infection with diseases and pests. When the temperature drops during the active growing season of fuchsia below the comfortable one, the same effect will be observed. The plant is guided by the ambient temperature. When it is warm and light, the flower actively develops and blooms profusely, usually from spring to autumn. In late autumn and winter, when it gets cooler and less sunlight – the development of the fuchsia flower stops, the buds stop forming – the fuchsia is getting ready for rest.
For fuchsia, air humidity is comfortable in the range of 50 – 60%. Too dry indoor air will lead to yellowing and wilting of fuchsia leaves and buds. You can increase the humidity of the surrounding air using wide containers of water, placed next to the fuchsia. You can also put a flower pot in a tray with damp pebbles or expanded clay. On hot summer days, fuchsia will be saved from the heat by regular spraying with settled water at room temperature in the morning and evening hours. It would be nice to take the fuchsia out into the fresh air in the garden, in the shade under the trees, or at least on the balcony, where the sun’s rays only fall in the morning hours. But we must remember that this must be done carefully – after all, fuchsia does not like when it is moved from one place to another during flowering.
Proper watering is the most important part of blooming fuchsia care. Many factors affect the frequency and amount of watering a flower:
- Pot location
- Fuchsia variety
- Stage of her growth
- Soil composition
- Pot size and type
Fuchsia can survive for quite a long time without additional nutrition, but not without water. Fuchsia should be watered regularly. Make sure that the soil is well saturated with moisture every time. The next watering should not be earlier than the topsoil dried up from the previous watering. Excess water from the pan must be drained in order to prevent moisture stagnation in the roots of the plant. A flowering plant has a great need for moisture. Watering in the summer will have to be frequent and regular – every 3-4 days, and sometimes more often.
In autumn, watering is gradually reduced to once a week, and in winter it is watered no more than once or twice a month.
Fuchsia is a fast growing plant. Therefore, it must be regularly transplanted into a pot of a suitable size, which is 3-4 cm larger than the previous one. It is best to do this every spring, during the beginning of the awakening and growth of the flower. It is better to take a ceramic pot so that it protects the root system of the plant from overheating in the summer heat. Don’t forget about drainage. 2 – 3 cm of expanded clay or pebbles at the bottom of the pot will protect the roots of the plant from decay. It is better to take a commercial potting soil mixture for flowering houseplants as a substrate. You can also independently prepare the soil for transplanting fuchsia. To do this, mix in equal parts leafy soil, turf soil, humus, peat and coarse river sand.
Transplant by the transshipment method: pour some prepared soil into the pot on the drainage layer, then carefully remove the fuchsia from the old pot and place it in a new pot along with a lump of earth. Fill the voids on the sides with potting soil. After transplanting, place the fuchsia on a shelf with diffused lighting. Cut off the stems one third of the length. Spray the leaves and pour the standing water over the substrate until excess water appears in the pan. After a few minutes, drain excess moisture from the pallet.
Diseases and pests:
Fuchsia is rarely affected by diseases and insect pests. The main problems arise with careless plant care. We will acquaint you with some of the problems that arise when growing fuchsia at home. Fuchsia has dropped the buds. Possible reasons:
- insufficient or excessive watering; rearranging the pot with a flowering plant to a new place;
- insufficient lighting; too high air temperature;
- lack of nutrition in the soil.
Why fuchsia sheds leaves. Possible reasons:
- too dry indoor air;
- high air temperature;
- lack of moisture in the soil;
- lack of nutrition in the soil.
Fuchsia does not bloom. The reasons may be as follows:
- unfavorable conditions during hibernation;
- late circumcision or not timely pinching of fuchsia;
- the plant is in direct sunlight;
- little light (the shoots will elongate, they will be thin and frail, the buds will be weak or not formed at all).
- the pot is too large for a flower (fuchsia will bloom when its roots completely encircle the whole earth in the pot. If the flower is still small, and the pot is too large, most likely you will not wait for flowers this year);
- the soil in the pot is poor and too light (such soil quickly becomes compacted from irrigation, there are few useful elements in it. The root system is located at the edges of the pot, cannot braid the entire earthen lump in the center and suffers greatly from this);
- the soil is too heavy, the roots develop poorly or completely cease to develop (the plant does not receive moisture and nutrition, the soil sours, the roots rot);
- the flower was overfed with nitrogen fertilizers (the green mass will begin to increase to the detriment of flowering. Until the fuchsia has mastered the entire excess supply of nitrogen fertilizers, it will not bloom).
How to Propagate Fuchsia at home
Rooting the cuttings in water is the main and most successful way to propagate fuchsia. The best time for cuttings is spring. Choose a young shoot on a fuchsia bush. The length of the cutting depends directly on the fuchsia variety. Usually they take from 10 to 20 cm.The bottom line is that over time, the fuchsia shoots harden a little. If you take an old shoot for propagation, it will also take root, but this process will take longer.
The young shoot will take root faster and will grow more actively in the future. Remove the leaves at the bottom of the shoot so that none of them come into contact with the liquid in the container prepared for rooting. Cut off large leaves either completely or in half.
The cutting does not yet have its roots, and the leaves will draw out all the moisture from it, preventing the root system from forming. Place the cutting in a jar with settled water and cover with a dense translucent bag on top. After 5 – 10 days, roots should appear. After a couple of weeks, the stalk can be planted in a prepared (preferably ceramic) pot with a nutrient mixture and drainage at the bottom. The size of the pot should be no more than 9 cm. In height.
By Growing from Seeds:
Growing from seeds at home in the case of fuchsia is rarely used. This can only be done by experienced flower growers or breeders. Sometimes, for the sake of experiment, amateur flower growers also try to collect seeds from a plant and grow their own copy of fuchsia from them. If you want to try it too, we’ll show you how to do it. The procedure for obtaining fuchsia seeds is quite laborious, but interesting.